Jupiter sits on the southeastern coast of sunny Florida as part of the Palm Beach County community. Its proximity to South America makes South Florida a mecca for drug trafficking, diversion, and abuse. The Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition publishes the following information about drug abuse trends in the county in 2016:
- Alcohol was cited as the primary drug of abuse for close to a third of all addiction treatment admissions.
- Almost half of all drug-related deaths involved alcohol.
- There were more fatal heroin overdoses in Palm Beach County than in any other county in Florida for the first half of the year.
- Marijuana was the primary drug of abuse cited by adolescents under age 18. Nearly 80 percent of all treatment admissions reported it as the No. 1 drug of abuse.
- Spikes in opioid-related overdose deaths are related to the rise illicit fentanyl in the region. This drug is being found in counterfeit prescription pills, and it is being used to cut heroin.
- Prescription opioid overdose deaths declined between 2011 and 2013 following a crackdown on medication diversion; however, deaths related to the nonmedical use of prescription opioids, particularly oxycodone, rose again in 2016.
- Benzodiazepine-related deaths also declined between 2011 and 2013, but they were back up again in 2015 and 2016.
- Cocaine overdose deaths have spiked since a drop in 2013. They are largely related to polysubstance abuse with opioids including heroin.
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Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that can be made in clandestine laboratories. It is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine, and it is a major factor in opioid-involved overdose deaths in Palm Beach County. In 2016, there were 324 overdose fatalities involving fentanyl.
The number of cocaine overdose deaths is rising as well. There were 214 cocaine overdose deaths in Palm Beach County in 2016, and two-thirds of those involved at least two drugs.
New substances regularly appear in South Florida. While the ban on certain research chemicals like flakka and other synthetic cathinones has resulted in declining abuse and overdoses related to these substances, other substances are popping up. In 2016, there were 11 deaths related to a new synthetic opioid called U-47700 or “pink.” This drug is being marketed in pill form, as a powder, and as a nasal spray.
Within the city of Jupiter and Palm Beach County, local authorities, advocates, and community-based providers use a variety of tools and platforms to raise awareness about drug abuse in the region. They aim to prevent overdose deaths and reduce drug abuse and addiction rates through preventative measures, treatment programs, and recovery support services.
Governmental and Local Response to Drug Abuse and Addiction in Jupiter
Within Florida, many provisions are being made to address drug abuse and addiction rates. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) funds grant programs such as the Florida Partnership for Success (PFS). This program provides counties, such as Palm Beach County, with funding to help with preventative measures and outreach programs. Some of the main goals of PFS include reducing underage drinking rates, minimizing teen and young adult prescription opioid abuse, and lowering rates of nonmedical opioid abuse in adults.
The Prevention Partnership Grant (PPG) aims to increase student awareness of issues related to drug abuse through prevention programs hosted at local Florida schools. On an even more local level, the Palm Beach Substance Awareness Coalition hosts several task forces targeting specific substance abuse concerns in the region and provides a range of prevention, treatment, and recovery resources for residents.
The Underage Drinking Task Force aims to reduce alcohol consumption in teens and those under the legal drinking age, with a goal of an 85 percent sobriety rate by 2018 through their 85 by 18 initiative. The Opioid Prevention Task Force serves to increase awareness of prescription drug misuse and how to prevent it. The Emerging Issues Task Force keeps up with current drug trends and new substances as they appear on the scene.
Florida Gov. Rick Scott signed an executiveorder declaring a state of emergency related to the opioid abuse and overdose crisis in Florida to prevent further deaths. There have been several pieces of legislation addressing the opioid abuse epidemic in Florida as well.
The Controlled Substances Bill imposes limits on opioid prescriptions, requires education for providers dispensing these medications, and increases the scope of the Electronic-Florida Online Reporting of Controlled Substances Evaluation Program (E-FORCSE). E-FORCSE is Florida’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP), which is designed to track the prescribing of controlled substances to minimize possible diversion and misuse. In Florida, House Bill 249 also requires mandated reporting for overdoses involving controlled substances.
The Good Samaritan Act protects individuals who report an overdose from criminal and drug-related charges. It also offers immunity for those attempting to reverse an overdose.
Naloxone (Narcan), the opioid overdose-reversal medication, is available to all Florida residents in need without a prescription via a standing order. This allows it to be dispensed through local pharmacies. Locals can also use a Palm Beach County pill drop location to safely get rid of unwanted and unused prescription drugs. This will help to prevent them from being diverted and misused.
Local Addiction Treatment Landscape
In Jupiter, Florida, there are two main types of addiction treatment providers: public and private. Private addiction treatment programs are typically more readily available and often take insurance as a form of payment. They can offer privacy and a wide range of amenities, options, and luxuries.
Public addiction treatment in Florida is overseen by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health (SAMH) Program through the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF) as the statewide authority on drug abuse treatment. Public treatment services are open to all Florida residents, and priority is given to families with children (especially those who may be at risk due to parental drug use), children at risk, individuals with a history of intravenous drug use who are struggling with addiction, people in targeted or priority population groups, those who require a service that is not covered by Medicaid, and those who fall below federal poverty limits. Individuals with more financial means can still receive public services; these services will be rendered on a sliding scale based on what the person can afford.
Services can include assessments, case management, outreach and prevention programs, intervention and crisis services, rehabilitation including group and individual therapies and life skills trainings, medical treatment, transitional housing, aftercare, and recovery support services. Drug abuse and addiction treatment services are generally broken down into the following broad categories: crisis and prevention, treatment, and aftercare and recovery support. Below are some resources for residents of Jupiter, Florida.
Crisis and Prevention Resources
- 2-1-1 Palm Beach provides around-the-clock access for residents in need, connecting individuals with trained staff and local resources.
- Palm Beach County CIT (Crisis Intervention Team) helps to provide immediate aid and crisis services to local residents.
- Mental Health GPS (Guiding People to Services) is a crisis line, operating to help guide people toward treatment programs and services.
- The Marchman Act allows loved ones to seek involuntary commitment to treatment for individuals struggling with drug abuse and addiction who are unwilling or unable to seek treatment themselves. Those committed must be a danger to themselves or others.
- Florida Alcohol & Drug Abuse Association (FADAA) aims to impact policy surrounding drug and alcohol abuse to improve local communities.
- United Way of Palm Beach County strives to promote overall health and wellness in local communities throughout the county.
- SAMHSA’s Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator allows individuals to input a zip code to find local treatment services.
- Florida DCF provides resources on finding help for substance abuse and addiction in the state of Florida.
- The Opioid State Targeted Response Project is a statewide resource that aims to improve drug abuse and addiction prevention, treatment, and recovery services within Florida.
- The Southeast Florida Behavioral Health Network (SEFBHN) is the state’s managing entity for Palm Beach County residents that oversees community-based drug abuse and addiction treatment network providers.
Recovery and Aftercare Support Services
- Recovery Awareness Partnership serves the recovery community of Palm Beach County to raise awareness, minimize relapse, and connect members of the community in a healthy way.
- The Florida Association of Recovery Residences (FARR) provides transitional and recovery housing and resources within the state.
- Palm Coast Area Narcotics Anonymous (NA) offers local support group meetings and 12-step programming to help individuals who desire to abstain from the abuse of narcotic drugs.
Palm Beach County Intergroup of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) hosts local peer support and 12-step group meetings supporting individuals in recovery.
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(July 2017). Drug Abuse Trends In Palm Beach County, Florida Annual Report: July 2017. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from https://dontbeaguineapig.com/July-2017-Palm-Beach-Trends-Report.pdf
(October 2017). Fentanyl Fuels Rise in Drug Deaths in South Florida. Sun Sentinel. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/florida/fl-reg-overdose-death-report-20171016-story.html
(2014). Florida Partnership for Success (PFS). Florida Department of Children and Families. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/substance-abuse/florida-partnership-success-pfs
(2014). Prevention Partnership Grants (PPG). Florida Department of Children and Families. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/substance-abuse/prevention-partnership-grants-ppg
Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.pbcsac.org/
Underage Drinking Task Force. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.pbcsac.org/Underage-Drinking-Task-Force-PBCSAC.html
Strategies. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://pbcsac.org/Strategies.html
Opioid Prevention Task Force. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.pbcsac.org/Prescription-Drugs-Task-Force-PBCSAC.html
Emerging Issues Task Force. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.pbcsac.org/Emerging-Issues-Task-Force-PBCSAC.html
(February 2018). State of Florida Office of the Governor Executive Order Number 18-47. Department of State. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.flgov.com/wp-content/uploads/orders/2018/EO_18-47.pdf
(2018). Florida Take Control. Florida Health. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.flhealthsource.gov/FloridaTakeControl/
(August 2018). E-FORCSE Homepage. Florida Health. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.floridahealth.gov/statistics-and-data/e-forcse/index.html
(2017). CS/CS House Bill 249. Florida House of Representatives. Retrieved October 218 from http://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/Documents/loaddoc.aspx?FileName=_h0249er.docx&DocumentType=Bill&BillNumber=0249&Session=2017
Law Enforcement Naloxone Training. Florida Department of Children and Families Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.flsheriffs.org/uploads/docs/LEO_Naloxone_Training.pdf
Pill Drop. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://pbcdrop.org/
(2014). Substance Abuse. Florida Department of Children and Families. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/substance-abuse
(August 2017). Florida Uniform Application FY 2018/2019- State Behavioral Health Assessment and Plan Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Community Health Services Block Grant. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention Division of State Programs. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/docs/DRAFT%202018%20Combined%20Behavioral%20Health%20Assessment%20and%20Plan.pdf
(2018). Crisis Intervention. 211 Palm Beach/ Treasure Coast. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.211palmbeach.org/crisis-intervention
Crisis Intervention Team. Palm Beach CIT. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.citinfo.org/
(2018). MHGPS. Mental Health Association (MHA) of Palm Beach County. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.mhapbc.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.main&
(2003). Marchman Act Handbook 2003. State of Florida Department of Children and Families Substance Abuse Program. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/SubstanceAbuse/marchman/marchmanacthand03p.pdf
(2018). Florida Alcohol & Drug Abuse Association. Florida Alcohol & Drug Abuse Association. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.fadaa.org/
(2018). United Way of Palm Beach County. United Way of Palm Beach County. Retrieved October 2018 from https://unitedwaypbc.org/
Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved October 2018 from https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/
(2014). Get Help. Florida Department of Children and Families. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/substance-abuse/get-help
(2014). Florida's Opioid State Targeted Response Project. Florida Department of Children and Families. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/substance-abuse/samh/treatment/opioidSTRP
Southeast Florida Behavioral Health Network. SEFBHN. Retrieved October 2018 from https://sefbhn.worldsecuresystems.com/
Recovery Awareness Partnership. Palm Beach County Substance Awareness Coalition. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.pbcsac.org/Recovery-Awareness-Partnership.html
Florida Association of Recovery Residences (FARR). Florida Association of Recovery Residences. Retrieved October 2018 from http://farronline.org/
Welcome to the Palm Coast NA Website. Palm Coast Area Narcotics Anonymous. Retrieved October 2018 from http://palmcoastna.org/
(2004). Palm Beach County Intergroup of Alcoholics Anonymous. Palm Beach Intergroup. Retrieved October 2018 from http://www.aa-palmbeachcounty.org/index.html